The writing of Irish American history has been transformed since the 1960s. This volume demonstrates how scholars from many disciplines are addressing not only issues of emigration, politics, and social class but also race, labor, gender, representation, historical memory, and return (both literal and symbolic) to Ireland. This recent scholarship embraces Protestants as well as Catholics, incorporates analysis from geography, sociology, and literary criticism, and proposes a genuinely transnational framework giving attention to both sides of the Atlantic. This book combines two special issues of the journal Éire-Ireland with additional new material. The contributors include Tyler Anbinder, Thomas J. Archdeacon, Bruce D. Boling, Maurice J. Bric, Mary P. Corcoran, Mary E. Daly, Catherine M. Eagan, Ruth-Ann M. Harris, Diane M. Hotten-Somers, William Jenkins, Patricia Kelleher, Líam Kennedy, Kerby A. Miller, Harvey O'Brien, Matthew J. O'Brien, Timothy M. O'Neil, and Fionnghuala Sweeney.